Sikhism is the youngest and the 5th largest religion of the world.
Sikhism is a monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century by GURU NANAK DEV JI.
Sikhi comes from the word Sikh which comes from the Sanskrit root meaning disciple or learner. So Sikhism basically is the path of discipleship. The faith is based on the teachings of the 10 Sikh gurus and Guru Granth Sahib Ji (present sikh Guru)
Guru nanak dev ji’s Jyanti is celebrated world wide especially in the northern region of India. This occasion of Guru Nanak Dev ji’s birthis celebrated on the Pooranmashi (full moon) day in the lunar month of Katak (October-November), which falls on different dates every year.
“Satgur Nanak pargateya mitti tund jag chanan hoa”
(with the emergence of the true Guru Nanak, the mist cleared and the light scattered all around)
Born on 15’th April 1469 at Rai Bhoi ki talvandi (present day, Nankana Sahib, Punjab Pakistan) which is near Lahore, to parents Kalyan Chand Das Bedi, popularly known as Mehta Kalu Ji (an accountant for crop revenue in the village of talvandi )and Mata Tripta Ji both parents belonging to the Hindu Community. Guru Ji had a loving elder sister bebe Nanki Ji,who was 5 years older than he was.
From the very beginning, it was evident that Guru ji was an extraordinary child possessing something divine.
When Guru Ji was born, Daultan (the nurse//daima), came running to Mehta Kalu ji to give him the news of the child’s birth, she looked somewhat frightened, surprised and stunned. Mehta ji asked, “What’s the matterDaultan?”
She replied, “sir, I am extremely pleased to tell you that you have got a very handsome son in your family. Children cry when they are born, but this child was smiling. I have never seen this happen before. And i saw a resplendent light when the child was born. The light shone round his head like a star.
On hearing this, Mehta ji ran to Pandit Hardayal a Brahmin priest for consultation and at once he came with Mehta ji to see the strange child. When he saw the child, he thought for a minute and said “Mehta ji, you are extremely lucky to have this child. He will grow up to be a great personality. He may be a king or a Guru”. Which later turned to be true.
Guru Ji spread a simple message of “Ek Onkar” meaning there is only One God, the supreme power, the creator of all and his name is truth “Satnam”. This message was spread at the time when India was falling apart by Castes, religious fractions, sectarianism. Guru Ji followed no particular religion and respected every religion.
Guru Ji Founded the three main pillars of Sikhism
1) Naam Japna : remembering god (waheguru) at all times.
2) Kirat karna: Honest earning, working and earning while remembering the God. (Guru Ji was against begging)
3) Vand Chakhna : Sharing with others, Free Food sewa (langar), donating 10% of the income i.e., dasvant.
We still see the teachings of Guru Ji being followed by the Sikh. Langar sewa was started by Guru Nanak Dev ji which is still carried out by the Sikh’s, all Gurudwaras are Live example of Langar Sewa.
The entire life of Guru Nanak Dev Ji was devoted towards giving a right path for people to follow.
He treated everyone equally regardless of the caste, religion, sex.
When Guru ji attained the age of 9, Mehta ji called upon their family pandit Hardayal for the janeu (sacrificial thread) ceremony. A grand ceremony was planned and the members and relatives of the family and all the neighbors and secular and religious people gathered. Pandit came and sat of the special platform prepared and purified for the religious ceremony and the Guru child sat infront of the pandit and they were surrounded by all the other people that have gathered.
After performing all the necessary rituals, Pandit ji Leaned forward to place the scared thread across the shoulder of The child Guru.Everyone was shocked on seeing Guru ji pushing back the thread towards Pandit ji. He denied wearing the thread and asked, “ what are you doing with this thread, first tell me what is the use of wearing this thread?”
Pandit ji replied, “This is a sacred thread, which is to be worn by the Kshatriyas and the Brahmins, it is a symbol of high caste.”
Guru Ji was not satisfied, he said, “how can you differentiate men by such worthless threads? A man becomes high by his deeds and actions. How can a cruel and wicked man become a man of the upper class just by wearing such a thread. Besides, this thread will eventually get dirty and will break.”
Pandit ji replied,” you are a Khatri and you must wear it just like your ancestors did.”
Guru Ji smiled and said,” Pandit ji, this thread is useless, as it does not yield any spiritual benefit. You buy a thread then twist in and then put it on your disciple while sitting on a platform but when the wearer dies, the thread falls off and does not go along with the soul when the soul departs to the next world. If you want me to wear a thread then give me such a thread that would accompany me even to the next world.”
Pandit, “please tell me how such a type of thread can be prepared that accompanies us to the next world”.
On hearing this, the young Guru gave utterance to the following words :(taken from asa di vaar english translation)
Make compassion the cotton, contentment the thread, modesty the knot and truth the twist.
This is the scared thread of the soul; if you have it, then go ahead and put it on me. It does not break, it cannot be soiled by filth, it cannot be burnt, or lost.
Blessed are those mortal beings, O Nanak, who wear such a thread around their necks. You buy the thread for a few shells, and seated in your enclosure, you put it on. Whispering instructions into others ears, the Brahmin becomes a guru. But he dies, and the sacred thread falls away, and the soul departs without it.
Guru Nanak Dev JI preached against Idol worship, fasting, bathing on sacred shrines and going to pilgrimage. He has taught how to attain God while living in a family. According to Guru ji a sanyasi life was not necessary to attain God, but one can reach God even while living in a family by meditating upon him and remembering him through out.
From Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Ghazal King Pankaj Udhas, twitter is flooded with Gurpurab wishes:
On Guru Nanak Jayanti we bow to the venerable Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji and recall his noble thoughts. pic.twitter.com/mTA9zDkPeh
— Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) November 4, 2017
Remembering the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev on the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti. Let us follow the path of peace, compassion & harmony. pic.twitter.com/j4SF9Z63Fl
— Smriti Z Irani (@smritiirani) November 4, 2017
Happy Guru Nanak Jayanti
*May Wahe Guru shower his blessings on you! Happy Gurpurab. pic.twitter.com/BMbDIxVmzm
— Pankaj Udhas (@Pankajkudhas) November 4, 2017
— Birender Singh (@ChBirenderSingh) November 4, 2017
Best wishes and congratulations to all my countrymen on Guru Nanak Jayanti. Pray & hope people will follow d path shown by Gurunanak Dev Ji.
— SHARAD YADAV (@SharadYadavMP) November 4, 2017
— Vijay Rupani (@vijayrupanibjp) November 4, 2017